The GDPR is a regulation by which the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the European Commission intend to strengthen and unify data protection for all individuals within the European Union (EU).
Adopted on April 27, 2016, and in effect since May 25, 2018.
This regulation applies to any organization operating within the EU and outside of the EU if they offer goods or services to or monitor the behavior of EU data subjects. It sets strict standards for how personal data must be handled and processed and gives EU citizens more control over their personal data.
The GDPR has the main aim to protect the privacy of EU citizens and ensure that their data is handled responsibly and with respect for their rights.
Organizations that fail to comply with the GDPR can face significant fines, including amounts up to 4% of an organization's global annual revenue or up to €20 million (whichever is higher). The GDPR also gives individuals the right to take legal action against organizations that breach this regulation.
It's important to note that the GDPR is a complex regulation, and organizations should seek professional advice to ensure that they are fully compliant with it.
The Data Protection Act (DPA) is a UK law that regulates how personal data is collected, processed, and used. The DPA was first introduced in 1984 and has since been updated to reflect changes in technology and data processing practices and incorporates the provisions of the European Union's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) into UK law.